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"() Digital TV Tutorial

The end of Analog TV. What does it mean? ........ 2 Do I Need to Purchase a New DTV? .................. 2 Clarifying Digital TV

ОТУ and HDTV Signal Basics

The Four Essential Elements of HDTV

Take Control of Your Signal (for the best image). 4 Putting it all Together

Before You Jump In (and use the wrong jacks) .... 4

Don't Be Confused by Terminology

Get the Best Picture Possible

Look ÎNSIDE a

Connector vs Resolution Chart

2007 Sanyo Manufacturing Corporation

Photos © 1993, 1994, and 1997 PhotoDisc, Inc.

READY ов NoT—THE AGE oF ANALOG TV 15 ABour To END CLARIFYING THE Many Aspects or DIGITAL TELEVISION

In 1996 Congress enacted a Telecommunications Act requiring all terrestrial (over- Sanyo realizes that Digital Television has mystified many viewers, sometimes the-air) television broadcasters to begin phasing in digital broadcasts. making them feel that it’s just too complicated to ever be understood. If that Whether we are ready or not, analog description fits you, then you need to read further. Jt doesn't have to TV broadcasts are about to end and be that way! be replaced with digital broadcasts. We created this training material to remove the mystery from Digital Actually, we're already well along in Television. Reading this material will help you understand Digital the process. For example, all TVs 13 Television and how to choose quickly the best connections and op-

tions to fit your needs. It’s time for you to feel relaxed, and begin

enjoying the benefits of HDTV.

inches and larger manufactured af- ter February 2007 must have a digi- tal tuner; Over-the-air broadcasters Whether you are connecting an HD Satellite receiver or simply hook- (aka, your local channels) are broad- ing up an antenna, this material will remove the confusion and help casting both analog and digital sig- nals now. On February 17, 2009,

however, full-power analog broadcasts will cease. After that date only full-power

you to get it right the first time.

digital signals will be transmitted over-the-air. However, THAT'S Мот THE ONLY CONSIDERATION

Using a digital STB with your old analog TV will allow you to receive over-the-air THAT May Cause You To WONDER... digital broadcasts, where available, but, you will miss the most exciting part of Digi- Do I have to purchase a new digital TV? The answer is... Not necessarily. However, to tal TV—HDTV. To watch HDTV broadcasts in stunning high-definition, you must continue to use your analog х have а high-definition display, such as, any of our full-line of Sanyo HD DTVs.

ТУ after February 17, 2009

ith an ant ; t with an antenna, you mus ALL oF Tuis May Lean You ro Ask...

What is this HDTV? I’ve also seen EDTV and SDTV somewhere. What do they

connect a separate digital receiver/tuner (also know

as a Set-Top Box or STB). The U.S. Congress has

allocated funds to provide

mean? How do they differ from ОТУ, and by the way, what is DTV?

many viewers with a cou-

pon for a free STB.

These are all good questions.

Go to www.ntia.doc.gov 5 Please read on for the an-

to learn more about the digital-to-analog converter box coupon program. swers.

Viewers that subscribe to cable or satellite service may not be affected. Contact your

service provider for details.

DTV Амр HDTV SicGNAL Basics

DTV stands for Digital TeleVision. HDTV, EDTV, and SDTV represent the different DTV signal resolu- tions (or picture detail); HDTV is High-Definition, EDTV is Enhanced Definition, and SDTV is Stan-

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SDTV vs EDTV

ЕОТУ is used to provide distinction between 480i (interlaced) scanning and 480p (progressive) scan- ning. Both use 480 scanning lines. ‘The difference is in

the way the lines are scanned onto the ТУ screen.

During the first scan (1st field) of an interlaced image the odd numbered lines are scanned onto the screen (1, 3, 5, etc...).

|

720р, 10801, and 1080p mean? How do they fit in? I thought they represented the different resolutions of TV.

J

That's true, they do.

2, Well then, if that’s the case, what do 4801, 480р, V

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o > Опе Егате I^ di | ES чн

Its just another way of de-

scribing picture resolution. 480, 720, and 1080 represent

the visible scan lines ona TV PRLS) г NENNEN Eee ч

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ѕсгееп; 720 lines and 1080 TONEDNERI—ERBHSD VG me

lines are both classified as high- 7 HEMEE xd 8 RAS нк г ыш i ce

definition (HDTV) signals. ШЕШШ ^ „ШР НИ РПГ 11.1.88 M У Where 480 lines is classified аз mmm: ли nr РЕ

either standard (SDTV) ог еп- ивы mm m UU ОИ ШЕШ ПЕ:

hanced definition (EDTV).

First and second fields are interlaced (com- bined) together to make one complete frame (image).

A progressively scanned image achieves the same result with only one scan, eliminating what is commonly referred to as "interlace flicker” or the “jaggies,’ which occurs due to the time delay between the first and second fields.

During the second scan (2nd field) of an interlaced image the even numbered lines are scanned onto the screen (2, 4, 6, etc...).

With "interlaced" two fields of video are scanned then “interlaced” (or combined) together to make one frame of video (one complete image). In progressive scanning, each line of video is scanned "progressively" or sequen-

tially, eliminating the need to interlace fields together.

Both of these scanning methods can produce frames

at a rate of 30 frames per second.

Being interlaced or progressively scanned has some affect on image resolution. However, the main factor influenc- ing resolution is the number of actual scanning lines (480, 720, or 1080).

The primary advan- tage of progressive scanning over inter- laced occurs during scenes that change quickly, such as, in sporting events or fast-paced action

movies.

Analog broadcasts are limited to just

480i resolution.

All Sanyo LCD DTVSs use progres- sive scanning for

the best picture.

Not actual TV image. Representative image only

Scan lines have been enlarged for demonstration purposes.

3

THE Four EssentiAL ELEMENTS ОЕ HDTV 4) ‘The HD program content on the channel you se-

| h iginally with high- The following four elements are essential to true HDTV ect must have been created originally with hig

2. definition equipment. viewing. If even one Essential Element is missing, you тир

will simply miss the full HDTV For true high-definition viewing, the experience. оо _ programming must have been created

1) A High-Definition Digital with HD recording equipment. Pro-

Television, such as a Sanyo HD ОТУ, to display the fantastic HD imagery of

grams that were not created with HD recording equipment will not appear as fantastic when “upconverted.” Upcon-

К ation а verted analog signals, when displayed | B in their native aspect ratio (4:3), will be casts.

"pillar boxed" on widescreen TVs, that

2) A high-definition signal. is, they will have black or gray bars on

the sides. Common sense may also tell

The DTV must receive a high-

сс >> сс definition signal from at least you that an “I Love Lucy” rerun "may

one of the following external not actually be in hi-def.”

Sources:

TAKE CONTROL OF Youn SIGNAL! a. Anantenna connected to the Digital Antenna

йена аш Even though the broadcast signal content is out of

b. A subscription to high-definition digital televi- your control, you control the “hookup” method. sion service, such as, HD Digital Cable or HD Choose the best connection available to ensure that Satellite Service: the signal you receive is displayed at the highest

resolution possible.

The HD Cable box, HD Satellite receiver, or other ex- ternal HD receiver must be connected to the РТУ Component (Y Pb Pr) or higher resolution jacks (see the Connectors Chart on page 7).

For local channels you must connect an antenna to the ANT terminal. (Refer to the owners manual or to the Hookup Diagrams on our web site for detailed instruc-

tions, www.sanyoctv.com/entertainment/television.)

3) You must tune to a station (channel) that is broad-

casting an HD program. Check with your service

provider or check your locals listings for availability.

PurriNG IT ALL TOGETHER

Now that you understand some digital ТУ terms and the importance of the signal, lets look at where and

how digital signals can or should be used.

Bur ВЕЕОВЕ You Jump IN

We cannot emphasize enough the importance of the signal you connect to the ОТУ. So before you begin connecting your external equipment, let’s revisit some

signal standards.

For example, using the yellow, white and red AV jacks to connect your Progressive Scan DVD player is never the best choice. Neither is purchasing a wonderful Sanyo high-definition DTV and then connecting it

to a standard resolution signal, such as analog cable.

If you have not upgraded your signal to Digi- tal, you will not experience the clear digital im- ages a Sanyo LCD НОТУ can display. Further- more, to expand your viewing to include HDTV, you must upgrade your signal to HD Digital. A great TV deserves a great signal.

Ihe Signal makes the difference!

Don’t BE CONFUSED BY THE PHRASE "IN HIGH- DEFINITION, WHERE AVAILABLE

Many people are misled into believing that a new digital ТУ is all they need to view high-definition programming. еге are many reasons for this con- fusion. But ас- cording to some surveys, the top four (4) are: 1) misrepresenta- tion by sales per- sonnel, 2) flashy advertising, 3) a program's open- ing banner that may read “In High-Definition, where available,” and 4) by the brighter picture a new DTV may have.

Because of this confusion, many customers just con- nect their new DTV to their old analog cable or basic

satellite service and expect to “get HDTV.”

Nothing could be further from the truth. These con- nections will not allow your high-definition DTV to perform up to its potential. It would be like buying an expensive high-performance sports car and using regular gasoline. You wouldnt fee/ the performance

you expected.

To see the performance you expect from your new Sanyo high-definition DTV, when connected to cable

or satellite service, you must:

1) Subscribe to High-Definition Digital Cable or

High-Definition Satellite service.

2) Connect the HD receiver to input jacks capable of re-

ceiving HD content, such as, Component (Y Pb Pr).

For Local Digital Channels:

3) You must connect an antenna to the Antenna (ANT) terminal. Then follow the instructions

in the owner’s manual

to automatically pro-

gram in your local

channels.

Don’t Miss OuT— GET THE Best IMAGES POSSIBLE

If you are a cable or satellite customer and havent done so already, Sanyo recommends that you contact your provider and upgrade to HD Digital service. Do it today! When you experience the realism of high-definition on your

Sanyo LCD HDTV, you will be glad you did.

After upgrading your signal to HD Digital, follow the instruc- tions in the owners manual that came with your new Sanyo DTV or use Hookup Diagrams on our web site to connect your Sanyo high-definition DTV for

optimum performance.

Know what its like—Dont be bored by the same old dull images

any longer. Get into the excitement

of Sanyo and HDTV!

Use THE CHARTS TO Assure Best RESULTS

The Connectors Chart on page 7 and the Cross- Reference Chart on page 8 identify and explain every option that can be used to connect external equipment to а Sanyo DTV. They also indicate which connections

provide the best picture from each device.

Study these charts carefully: Identify the best con- nections available on your external equipment: Learn the advantages and disadvantages of each connection type. Then review the available output jacks on your external equipment and choose the best option for

each device you are connecting.

Use the External Connection Guide on page 9 to plan the best connections possible between your ex-

ternal equipment and your Sanyo high-definition

DIV.

Then relax with family or friends and enjoy the best

that ТУ programmers have to offer, all on your new

Sanyo widescreen LCD HDTV.

GLOSSARY or TV TERMS

Analog—Commonly refers to the current NTSC trans-

mission standard for televisions.

Aspect Ratio— Ihe ratio of the width to the height of a TV screen independent of the screen size (x units wide by x units high). Analog is 4:3; Digital can be 4:3 or 16:9 (com-

monly referred to as widescreen). ATSC—Advanced Television Systems Committee AV Jacks—Audio Video Jacks

Bandwidth— Ihe range of frequencies assigned to a broad- cast channel. A TV channel is 6 MHz (megahertz) wide.

Component Jacks (Y Pb Pr)—Green, Blue, and Red video jacks that carry 480i, 480p, 720p, and 1080i signals. By separating the Green (Y), Blue (Pb), and Red (Pr) video signal components, clearer, more-defined images that exceed the performance of S-Video and Composite video

jacks are achieved.

Composite Jacks—White, Red, and Yellow AV jacks. The White and Red jacks carry the Left and Right audio signals

while the Yellow jack carries the composite video signal.

Dolby® Digital (Formally known as Dolby AC-3)—A 5.1 channel (Front L/R, Rear L/R, Center, and Bass) surround

sound audio standard for digital television.

Downconverting— ће removal of pixels. Frame rate and/ or scanning format may also change. Broadcasters may use this process to make room in their bandwidth for addi-

tional services, such as, sub-channels.

DTV (Digital Television) —Comprises four elements, HDTV, EDTV, SDTV, and Multicasting.

DVI—Digital Visual Interface. A pure digital video in- terface that can pass standard-definition and high-defini- tion video signals. It supports the HDCP copy protection standard, allowing transmission of copy-protected digital

content.

EDTV—Enhanced-Definition TV (480p)

HDMI—High-Definition Multimedia Interface. An all digital audio/video interface that accepts uncompressed video signals for the very best picture possible. It supports the HDCP copy protection standard, allowing transmis-

sion of copy-protected digital content. The signal can also

include Dolby® Digital or PCM audio, when available. HDTV—High-Definition TV (720p, 1080i, & 1080р),

commonly referred to as “hi-def” or “HD.”

Input / Output Jacks—Used to receive (input) and send (output) signals from one device to another. Such as, from

a DVD player (Output) to the TV (Input).

Interlaced Scanning— Ihe process of scanning two fields of video then combining (interlacing) them to make one

frame of video (or one complete image).

Letter Box— This term is used to describe а 16:9 ratio image being displayed on a 4:3 ratio display device. Black bands appear at the top and bottom of the screen.

MPEG2 / MPEG4— Compression schemes for moving im- ages and audio. Developed by the Motion Picture Experts Group, these make HDTV and multicasting possible.

Multicasting— Ihe dividing of a station's broadcast signal into sub-channels of programming or data services. Ihe resolution of the main channel must be reduced to make

room for sub-channels. NTSC—National Television Systems Committee

Pillar Boxing— This term is used to describe a 4:3 ratio image being displayed on a 16:9 ratio display device. Black

or gray bars (or pillars) appear at the sides of the screen. Pixel— Picture Element

Progressive Scanning— Ihe process of scanning lines sequentially. One scan produces one frame of video (or one

complete image).

Set-Top Box (STB)—A device that receives and converts signals for display on a television screen or video monitor (can be digital or analog). Many digital STBs have cable

and over-the-air tuners.

SDTV—Standard-Definition TV (480i), commonly referred to as “SD”

Signal— The picture, sound, and data transmitted or received through the air to an antenna, over a Cable ТУ system, from a Satellite to a dish and receiver, or between external compo-

nents of an Audio/Video system.

Simulcast—Simultaneously broadcasting the same program on two or more channels. ‘This is required by the FCC dur- ing the transition from analog to digital. Simulcasting is scheduled to end and only digital broadcasts will continue after February 17, 2009.

S-Video Jack—A round 4-pin jack that accepts separated luminance and chroma signals from a DVD player, Super VHS VCR, or similar analog device. The resolution of this input exceeds that of a composite video input (yellow connector), but is lesser than the resolution of component

inputs (Y Pb Pr). Terrestrial —An over-the-air broadcast to an antenna.

Upconverting—A process of converting original analog programming to digital for D'TV broadcasting. Pixels may be duplicated and inserted between existing pixels to sim- ulate HDTV. This does not increase the resolution. ‘The resolution of an image is set during the recording process.

It cannot be increased through conversion processes.

Widescreen—Used to describe a 16:9 or greater aspect ratio. 16:9 is the standard aspect ratio for HDTV digital

displays. Movies screens are often slightly wider.

CoMMON QUESTIONS ANSWERED

When will over-the-air analog broadcasts end? Congress set the shutoff date for February 17, 2009.

Will my current analog TV work after that date?

Yes. Consumers will be able to connect a digital STB to their existing TV to receive over-the-air DTV broadcasts, where available, however, not in high-definition. Analog TVs should continue to work with Cable boxes, Satellite receivers, VCRs,

and DVD players for many years to come.

6

СОММЕСТОК5

75 ОНМ СОАХ (DIGITAL RE)

DIGITAL'AUDIO

(«ЕРА phono connector) ——

СОМРОМЕМТ Y [2% [2% Cr ао connectots

COMPOSITE

(audio / video connectors)

ТНЕ!В РОМСТОМ

Carries off-air digital broadcast signals (channels) from ап antenna to the DTV.

Рог the ultimate resolution of local high-definition broadcasts.

Uses just one cable to transfer full-bandwidth digital video and audio, for the ultimate in picture resolution. Can be used to connect a DVD player/recorder, game system, HD Cable box, HD Satellite receiver, or other similar device.

Transfers full-bandwidth digital video for the ultimate resolution. Can be used to connect a DVD player/recorder, Game system, HD Cable box, HD Satellite receiver, or other similar device.

(Connect it to the HDMI Input1 jack using an adapter [not sup- plied]. Separate analog audio connections are required.)

Used to transfer digital audio signals.

(Digital audio is available for output from the DTV to an AV receiver only when received as part of the digital antenna signal that is being viewed on the screen.)

Green, Blue Red

Transfers a composite analog luminance and chroma signal (yellow

connector) from a VCR, or similar device, to the TV.

(Left and Right audio signals are carried by the White and Red con- nectors respectively.)

Due to severe resolution limitations, Sanyo recommends strongly that you not use this option to connect HD equipment to your Sanyo HD DTV.

PWG 23S SCONES

480i, 480p, 720p, ог 10801 digital signals (depends on the broadcast signal).

*(LCD and Plasma models convert 480i, 480p, and 1080i signals to 720p, for display.)

480p, 720p, ог 1080i digital video and audio signals (depends on the output device and/or your subscription service).

*(LCD and Plasma models convert 480i, 480p, and 1080i signals to 720p, for display.)

480p, 720p, ог 1080i digital video signals (depends on the output device and/or your subscription service).

*(LCD and Plasma models convert 480i, 480p, and 1080i signals to 720p, for display.)

Multichannel audio, such as, 5.1 channels of surround sound, when received as part of the original digital antenna signal that is being viewed on the screen.

480i (standard analog)

*(LCD and Plasma models convert 480i sig- nals to 720p, for display.)

480i (standard analog)

*(LCD and Plasma models convert 480i sig- nals to 720p, for display.)

COMMON CABLES & CONNECTORS VS IMAGE DEFINITION

РЇХ-О-МЕТЕК

ULTIMATE

IMAGE DEFINITION

*Conversion of 480i, 480p, and 1080i signals to 720p for display does not increase nor decrease the resolution. The maximum resolution a high-definition DTV can display depends on the input signal.

TVLIOSI!TQ

EXTERNAL EQUIPMENT-TO-DTV CONNECTION CROSS-REFERENCE

+ EXTERNAL ОСТАВЕНО G4 SVIDEO **(o) MI POSTS W TKANE KOD EQUIPMENT RF (** Connect A DVI Device to INPUT1 only) (VIDEO1) RF CAO O |

YOU MAY HAVE ren Ў

d | \ М,

HDMI to DVI rnm Cable

SS М ea ее > > __ Ыы ee | | ® ы v" v7" o0 me) ПО ПОНИ Ш o c

==] | = E IESE.

рга Lo ® @ o co ПОНИ vo] _ ___ ое Е ОО О ПОНИ "EN

IMAGE DEFINITION DIGITAL С

* The number and types of video connections vary by equipment and model, but may *** This hook-up can be used, but, it will reproduce significantly lower picture include (HDMI, Component, and Composite or S-Video), plus an RF terminal. quality, and is therefore, not recommended by Sanyo for this device. ANALOG СУ С

If necessary, upgrade your external equipment.

SIGNAL SOURCES

BROADCAST AND PURCHASED

ЕЕ: А" АДА АА" NOILDJANNO)D 1539 ВЕ Ла ЕВЕ

SOURCES

Connect the Digital Audio Out and Audio Output to your AV Receiver. NOTE: You may also want to connect the Digital Audio Out and Audio Out from any external equipment you have to your AV Receiver (when available).

ULTIMATE DAGSPULONVAG ВЕЛЕВ

OTHER SIGNAL

<00 |р) BASIC

* Connect an antenna to receive analog and digital off-air signals, where available; or connect a Cable box, VCR, or similar device (these connections are analog only). ' When received as part of the digital antenna signal viewed on the screen.

. | 2 ** Requires separate analog audio connections. Mono only with analog RF signal. g

EXTERNAL CONNECTIONS PLAN

Use this chart ANTENNA IN INPUT1 HDMI or DVI (adapter & audio Use this chart | ANTENNAIN TINPUT1 ном ори оаа |] INPUT2. | 'NPUT3. | INPUT3 and your (ANALoc/DiarraL RF Coax) || Connections required for DVI) (HDMI) (HDMI)

external device's

owner's manu- als and User's Guides to plan

and record your

connections.

For each input / output, click the box beside the device you want to connect.

Then use the completed chart [ ] ANTENNA as a guide when

Г] HD SATELLITE RECEIVER Г] DVD PLAYER Г] HD Caste Box [] GAME SYSTEM L] DVD RECORDER [] AV RECEIVER

DIGITAL AUDIO AUDIO OUT OUTPUT

(COAXIAL) (STEREO)

[ ] HD SATELLITE RECEIVER [| DVD PLAYER [ HD SATELLITE RECEIVER [] DVD PLAYER | | ANTENNA / VCR L] HD Caste Box Г] Game ЅҮЅТЕМ Г] HD Caste Box Г] САМЕ ЅҮЅТЕМ L] ANT / DVD RECORDER L] DVD RECORDER L] AV RECEIVER L] DVD RECORDER L] AV RECEIVER

making your

connections.

VIDEO3 VIDEO2 VIDEO1 VIDEO1

(COMPONENT) (COMPONENT) (S-VIDEO) (COMPOSITE)

[ | HD Saterue Receiver [ | DVD Prayer || ] HD ЗАтеште Receiver [ ] DVD Prayer ||| | Sat. Вес. [| VCR [_] Sart. Ве. []VCR ||| | Stereo Ampuiricr [ | Stereo АМРИЕЕВ [ | HD Caste Box [| Game System || [| HD Caste Вох [ | Game System ||[_] Caste Box [_]Game |{[_]Casie Вох [_] Game [| AV Receiver [| AV Receiver [ | DVD Recorper [ | AV Receiver || [| DVD Reconpen [ ]AVRegve |[L ]DvD [ ]AVRecwve ||| ]DVD [АМ есем || [| Omer JIL] Oter

Refer to the owner's manuals and user's guides that came with your external equipment for specific device connection options, all jacks may not be available on all models.

SIMPLIFIED AV RECEIVER SYSTEM HOOKUP

HD INPUTS

CD Player

Tape Deck

+ [Bvb score]

Satellite Receiver / Analog Cable Box

HD Sat. Receiver / HD Cable Box

COMPONENT

Lino /NISOTVNY

AV RECEIVER

STEREO AUDIO

отапу TVLIDIG

COMPONENT HDMI OUTPUTS S-VIDEO COMPOSITE

L

- E

: а Е :

E = S E Refer to the

Š т л 9 owner’s manual that came with

Antenna your AV System for connection and operation details. Stereo Audio Digital Audio

10